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How to make Ippan shadan hojin in Japan (一般社団法人)?

How to incorporate Ippan shadan hojin ( 一般社団法人 = general incorporated association) in Japan
Purpose of Ippan shadan hojin in Japan
In this page, I will explain how to incorporate Ippan shadan hojin ( general incorporated association = いっぱんしゃだんほうじん ) in Japan.

In the case of Ippan shadan hojin (general incorporated association =GIA), you can stipulate like below.” The object of this Ippan shadan hojin shall be to promote friendly relations and to enhance mutual understanding between Japan and Britain through cultural exchange between the two countries. “

By establishing a stock company or limited liability company, you can engage in nonprofit activity.However, if you establish Ippan shadan hojin and engage in nonprofit activity, your association can appeal to your intention of nonprofit.Moreover, if your association can satisfy some requirements, your association does not need to pay corporate tax and corporate inhabitant tax.

In the case of Ippan shadan hojin, the main purpose of the establishment is to engage in nonprofit activity.On this page, non-profit activity means that your association does not divide surplus among members.(As you know, directors of Ippan Shadan Hojin can receive a salary from it)And these” members ” correspond with shareholders of a stock company.

” Member ” will be translated into ” 会員 = kaiin “.However, the word “kaiin” is tricky word.For example, if you want to rent DVD in Tsutaya shop, you need to become Kaiin of Tsutaya.And when you become kaiin of Tsutaya, you can obtain right to rent DVD from Tsutaya.And your right will be translated as ” membership “.However, in the case of a general incorporate association, Kaiin is a kind of incorporator, shareholder.Your Ippan shadan hojin can sell merchandise and earn profit and pay salary to employees of association and directors.And Ippan shadan hojin is an assembly of persons.

So, at the time of incorporation, you need to prepare at least two members.However, after the incorporation of Ippan shadan hoijn, even if the number of members is only one, you can sustain your association.The process to incorporate Ippan shadan hojin ( General Incorporated Association )Basically, the process to incorporate Ippan shadan hojin ( general incorporated association ) is similar to that of a stock company ( = kabushiki kaisha = 株式会社 ) or limited liability company ( = Godo kaisha = 合同会社).

Articles of incorporation to make Ippan Shadan Hojin in Japan
At first, you need to make articles of incorporation ( teikan= 定款 ).
In this paper, you need to clarify matters below.

1. Name of Ippan shadanef hojin
2. Address of Ippan shadan hojin
You can determine your apartment as the address of your association.
3. Purpose of Ippan shadan hojin
4. Name and address of director ( You need to prepare at least 1 director. ).

You can also appoint an auditor ( Kanji = 監事. You can establish Ippan shadan hojin without an auditor ).
But you need to prepare at least 2 original members.
5. Matters related to membership
For example, distinguish between regular members or special members and membership fee.
6. Organization of your association.
( You can incorporate Ippan shadan Hojin without the board of directors (Riji kai =理事会).
In that case, members can determine important matters to operate your association by general meeting = shain sokai = 社員総会 )
7. Business year of organization
etc….

You need to determine the matter to be indicated in articles of incorporation.
source- Tomohiko Akiyama

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